Armenia is a centuries-old small country with rich history. It is one of the worlds Oldest Civilizations, the history of Armenian people goes back to 2492 year BC. The Armenians themselves call their country Hayastan, and their nationality Hay, this names originate from their ancestor Hayk. According to legend, Hayk was a great-great-grandson of Noah and according to an ancient Armenian tradition, a forefather of all Armenians, who defeated the Babylonian king Bel in 2492 BCE and found independence. The first name of the country was Hayq. Armenia was incorporated into the Soviet Union as part of the Transcaucasian SFSR (TSFSR) on 4 March 1922. With this annexation, On 23 August 1990, Armenia declared independence,. When, in 1991, the Soviet Union was dissolved, Armenia’s independence was officially recognized, becoming the first non-Baltic republic to secede from the Soviet Union. The Republic of Armenia is situated in the Near East, it has borders with Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
Yerevan is the capital of Republic of Armenia. It is one of the oldest cities of the world. The history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, it have been founded by king Argishti I in 782 BC and called Erebuni. The birth of Yerevan is celebrated with great enthusiasm every year, which has become a real celebration just for tourists. Yerevan attracts tourists with its architecture, which is the mix of old and new, with its culture, quiet streets, the cafes which you can meet at each step make the strongest impression. Yerevan is beautiful especially at night which impresses with its night beauty and liveliness. We can confidently say that Yerevan is one of the few cities, where you can walk feeling totally safe combining leisure and entertainment.
Territory of modern Armenia is 29 743 square kilometers. Armenia is a mountainous country. In fact, the average altitude of the country is over a mile high, at about 1800 meters above sea level. 76.5% of area is 1.000-2.500 m above the sea level. The ridges occupy about 14 000 km2 or 47% of the total surface. The Highlands include 1/3 of the country’s territory or 11.000 square kilometers
Armenia is the first country in the world who adopted Christianity as a state religion in 301 AD. According to tradition, the Armenian Church was founded by two of Jesus’ twelve apostles –Thaddaeus and Bartholomew – who preached Christianity in Armenia between AD 40–60. Because of these two founding apostles Republic of Armenia belongs to Armenian Apostolic Church. 98.7 % of population is Christian.
Armenia is the nation state with the unitary structure, multi-party democratic system. Armenia is one of the unique countries, where native inhabitants privale. 97.9% of the population is ethnic Armenians.